The Research Behind Capito

The original intent of this page, Best Reader, was to provide a Select Bibliography of such respected scholarly works as might impress Erasmus or Ozment.  But what of the lesser works from which can be gleaned the cost of a horse or the recipe for a rosewater cookie?  Shall they be ignored?  What of works that offer little new information but launch one into Capito’s society?  Shall they be disparaged?

Scholars have examined every minutiae of 16th centry politics, society, religion, and daily life.  A fog of scholarly monographs, contemporary sources, translations, primary sources, incunabula, secondary sources, historical novels, juvenile fiction, volumes of correspondence, and a seeming endless stream of propaganda surround Fabri, Hubmaier, Zell, the monk Michael, and the rest of us. The following is not a comprehensive list or a selection of the best. 

The writer, for over a decade, cast his net, which returned, as Jesus said, full of many things.  Eat the fish that seems good to you, gentle Reader, and discard the rest.

Works Consulted

Abbot Johannes Trithemius, O.S.B.  http://ldysinger.stjohnsem.edu/ @text s2/1499_ trithe mius/00a_start.htm.  Internet.

“The Abby of Bursfield,”  The Catholic Encyclopedia, c2009.  http://www.new advent.org/ cathen/03084c.htm.  Internet.

Abray, Lorna Jane.  The People’s Reformation:  Magistrates, Clergy, and Commons in Strasbourg, 1500-1599.  Ithaca, NY:  Cornell University Press, 1985.  Print.

Allen, P. S.  The Age of Erasmus: Lectures Delivered in the Universities of Oxford and London.  New York:  Russell & Russell, 1963.  Print.

Amman, Jost and Hans Sachs. Eygentlilche Beschreibung aller Stände auff Erden, hoher und nidriger, geistlicher und weltlicher, aller Kunsten, Handwercken und Händeln Durch d. weigberumpten Hans Sachsen gantz fleissig beschrieben u. in teutsche Reim en gefasset. Frankfurt am Mayn: 1568. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/Category:DeSt%C3%A4nde1568_Amman Sachs.  Internet.

Amtower, Laurel.  Engaging Words: the Culture of Reading in the Later Middle Ages.  New York: Palgrave, c2000. Print.

Anabaptists of the 16th Century, a Bibliography compiled by Gary Shearer.  28 June 2004.   http://library.puc.edu/heritage/bibAnabaptists. html#Document. Internet.

“Anabaptist Leaders.”  MQR  (April 1975):  n. pag.  www.goshen.edu/mqr.  Web.  (Accessed 15 February 2011).  Internet.

Anderson, B. Ernest Anderson.  Michael Sattler: Monastic Anabaptism and the Restoration of Adult Initiation, a Dissertation Presented to the Faculty of Mount Angel Seminary in Partial Fulfilment of the Requirements for the Degree Master of Arts in Theology.  September 1990. Print. 

Apps, Lara and Andrew Gow.  Male Witches in Early Modern Europe.  Manches-ter:  Manchester University Press, 2003.  Print.

Armour, Rollin S.  Anabaptist Baptism:  a Representative Study.  Eugene, OR:  Wipf and Stock, c1998.  Print.

Arnold, K.   Johannes Trithemius.  Wurzburg Kommissionsverlag:  1971.  Print.

Augsburger, Myron S.  I’ll See You Again!  Scottsdale, PA:  Herald Press, c1989.  Print.

___.  Michael Sattler, d. 1527, Theologian of the Swiss Brethren Movement.   VA:  Eastern Mennonite University, 1964.  Print.

___.  Pilgrim Aflame.  Scottdale, PA:  Herald Press, c1967. Print.

Augsburger, Myron S. and Edwin B. Wallace.  The Broken Chalice.  Scottdale, PA:  Herald Press, c1971.  Print.

Backus, Irena.  Reformation Readings of the Apocalypse: Geneva, Zurich, and Wittenberg.  New York:   Oxford US, 2000.  Print.

Baillie, John, John T. McNeill, and Henry P. Van Dusen.  The Library of Christian  Classics.   Louisville:  Westminster John Knox, 2006.  Print.

Bainton, Roland Herbert.  “The Anabaptist Contribution to History,” Studies on the Reformation.  2nd ed.  1966.  Print.

___.  Concerning Heretics, Whether They Are to Be Persecuted:  An Anonymous Work Attributed to Sebastian Castellio.   NY:  Octagon, 1965.  Print.

___.  Erasmus of Christendom.  NY:  Scribner, c1969.  Print.

___.  Here I Stand:  Martin Luther.  Oxford:  Lion, 1994.  Print.

___.  “The Left Wing of the Reformation,” Studies on the Reformation.  2nd ed.  Boston:  Beacon Press, c1966.  Print.

___.  Women of the Reformation in Germany and Italy.  Minneapolis:  Augsburg Publishing House, 1971.  Print.

Bak, Jamps M.  The German Peasant War of 1525.  London:  F. Cass, 1976.  Print.

Baker, David Weil.  Radical Humanism in Sixteenth-Century England.  Amherst, MA:  University of Massachusetts Press, 1999.  Print.

Barber, Malcolm, “How the West Saw Medieval Islam,”  History Today.  (May 1997):  44+.  Print.

Barnum, H. Gardiner.  Market Centers and Hinterlands in Baden-Württemberg.   Chicago:  University of Chicago, 1966.

Baring, George and Walter Fellmann.  The Spiritual Legacy of Hans Denck: Including the German Text as Established by Georg Baring and Walter Fellman.  NY:  E. J. Brill, 1990.  Print.

Barr, Gladys H.  Monk in Armour.  New York:  Abingdon Cokesbury Press, c1950.  Print.

Bauman, Clarence.  The Spiritual Legacy of Hans Denck:  Interterpretaton and Translation of Key Texts.  NY:  E. J. Brill, c1991.  Print.

Baumgardt, David.  Great Western Mystics: Their Lasting Significance.  NY:  Columbia University Press, c1961.  Print.

Bax, Ernest B. German Culture Past and Present. Release Date: January 27, 2007. [EBook #20461]  http://www.gutenberg.org/files/20461/20461.txt.  Internet.

___.  The Peasants War in Germany 1525-1526.  London:  S. Sonnenschein, 1899.  Print.

___.  German Society at the Close of the Middle Ages.  New York:  Aberdeen Press, 1967.  Print.

Beachy, Alvin J.  The Concept of Grace in the Radical Reformation.  Nieuwkoop:  De Graaf, c1977.  Print.

Beachy, Alvin J.  “The Grace of God in Christ as Understood by Five Major Anabaptist Writers,” MQR. 37.  (Jan 1963): 17-18.  Print.

Beasley-Murray, George Raymond.  Baptism in the New Testament.  NY:  St. Martin’s Press, c1962.  Print.

Beegle, Dewey.  Scripture, Tradition, and Infallibility.   Grand Rapids:  Eerd-mans, c1973.  Print.

Behrendt, Roland, “The Library of Abbot Trithemius,”  American Benedictine Review  51.1 (2000): 3+.  Print.

Bejczy, István.  Erasmus and the Middle Ages:  The Historical Consciousness of a Christian Humanist.  Boston:  Brill, 2004.  Print.

Bender, Harold Stauffer.   Anabaptist Vision.  Scottdale, PA:  Herald Press, c1957.  Print.

___.  Conrad Grebel, ca 1498-1526:  the Founder of the Swiss Brethren Sometimes Called Anabaptists.  Scottdale, PA:  c1971.  Print.

___.  “The Zwickan Prophets, Thomas M,” MQR. 27. (Jan 1953): 3+. Print.

Bender, Harold Stauffer and Ernest H. Correll, eds., “Conrad Grebel’s Petition of Protest and Defense to the Zurich Council of 1524,”  MQR   27.4  (January 1926): 23+.  Print.

___. “A Letter of Conrad Grebel to Andreas Castelberger, May, 1525,” transcribed and translated by Edward Yoder. MQR 1.3 (July 1927): 41.  Print.

___. “A Letter of Conrad Grebel to Andreas Castelberger, May, 1525,” transcribed and translated by Edward Yoder, MQR 1.4 (October 1927):  n. pag.  Print.

Bender, Harold Stauffer, etal.  Mennonites and Their Heritage: A Handbook of Mennonite History and Beliefs.  Scottdale, PA:  Herald Press, 1976, c1964.  Print.

Bender, Mary E.  The 16th Century Anabaptists in Literature.  Scottdale, PA:  Herald Press, c1957.  Print.

Bender, Ross.   Anabaptist Attitudes Toward the Turks.   June 2004. http:// rossbender.org/turks.html.  Internet.

Benesch, Otto.  The Art of the Renaissance in Northern Europe: Its Relation to the Contemporary Spiritual and Intellectual Movements.  Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1945.  Print.

Bergsten, Torsten and William Roscoe Estep.  Balthasar Hubmaier:  Anabaptist Theologian and Martyr.  Valley Forge:  Judson Press, c1978.  Print.

“Berlin Dance of Death.”   http://www.lamortdanslart.com/danse/ Allemagne _Berlin/dd_berlin.html.   Internet.

 Bible, Theology, and Ministry Resources for Pastors, Teachers, and Students.  www.virtual seminary.net/content/Lutherpage.aspx.  Internet.

“Bibliography of 16th Century Anabaptist Materials,” (Available in English Translation, compiled by Mennonite Historical Library.)    MQR   n.d.  (Accessed 23 February 2011).   Internet.

“Bibliography of 16th Century Anabaptist Materials,” MQR.  2002.  http://www. goshen.edu/mqr/enganbib.html.  Internet.

Biesccker, Susan and Geral J. Mast.  Anabaptists and Postmodernity.  Tedford, PA:  Pandora Press, 2000.  Print.

Bietenholz, Peter G., Thomas Brian Deutscher, and Desiderius Erasmus. Contemporaries of Erasmus:   A Biographical Register of the Renaissance and Reformation.  Vol. 1-3.  Toronto:  University of Toronto Press, c1987.  Print.

Biography Base Home.   http://www.biographybase.com/.   Internet.

Blank, Fritz.  Brothers in Christ:  The History of the Oldest Anabaptist Congregation, Zollikon, near Zurich, Switzerland.  Eugene, OR:  Wipf & Stock Publishers, 2005.  Print.

Blayney, Ida Walz.  The Age of Luther:  The Spirit of Renaissance-Humanism and the Reformation.  1st ed.   NY: Vantage Press, 1957.  Print.

Bleucher, Feldwebel and Frau Kammerherr.  “Landsknecht History and Cos- tume,” Das Nachtjager Fahnleinhttp://www.wyvernproductions. com/ landsknecht/ history.htm#Doppelsoldneer.   Internet.

Blickle, Peter.  The Revolution of 1525:  The German Peasants’ War from a New Perspective.  Thomas A. Brady, translator.   Baltimore:  Johns Hopkins University Press, c1981.  Print.

Bonjour, E.; H. S. Offler, and G. R. Potter.  A Short History of Switzerland. Oxford:  Clarendon Press, 1952.  Print.

Bowie, Fiona, et al.  Beguine Spirituality:  Mystical Writings of Mechthild of Magdeburg, Beatrice of Nazareth, and Hadewijch of Brabant.  NY:  crossroad, 1990, c1998.  Print. 

Boyd, Anne.  Life in a Medieval Monastery:  Durham Priory in the Fifteenth Century.  Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1987.  Print.

Boyd, Stephen B.  Pilgram Marpeck:  His Life and Social Theology.  Durham: Duke University Press, 1992.  Print.

Brady, Thomas A.  Ruling Class, Regime, and Reformation at Strasbourg 1520-1555.  Leiden, The Netherlands:  Brill, 1978.  Print.

___.  Turning Swiss:  Cities and Empire, 1450-1550.  NY:  Cambridge University Press, 1985.  Print.

Brady, Thomas Allan, Heiko Augustinus Oberman, and James Donald Tracy. Handbook of European history, 1400-1600. Grand Rapids:  W.B. Eerdmans, 1996.  Print.

Brann, Noel I.  The Abbot Trithemius (1462-1516):  The Renaissance of Monastic Humanism. Boston: E. J. Brill, c1981.  Print.

___.  Trithemius and Magical Theology:  A Chapter in the Controversy over Occult Studies in Early Modern Europe.  Albany:  State University of New York Press, c1999.  Print.

Brecht, Martin.  Martin Luther, Shaping and Defining the Reformtion 1521-1532.  Minneapolis:  Fortess Press, c1990.  Print.

Brenner, Robert.  “Agarian Class Structure and Economic Development in Pre-Industrial Europe,”  Past and Present. 70.  (Feb 1976):   30+.  Print.

___.  “The Agrarian Roots of European Capitalism,”  Past and Present.  97.  (Nov 1982):  16+.  Print.

Broekhuysen, Arthur. Gerard Groote and the Brothers of the Common Life. http://wisdomsgoldenrod.org/publications/misc/gerard_groote.html. Internet.

Burnett, Amy Nelson.  The Yoke of Christ:  Martin Bucer and Christian Discipline.  Kirksville:  Sixteenth Century Journal Publishers, 1994.  Print.

Burrage, Henry S.  True to the End:  A Story of the Swiss Reformation.  Philadelphia:  American Baptist Publication Society, c1895.  Print.

Burstein, S. R.  “Demonology & Medicine in the 16th and 17th Centuries,”  Folklore.  67. (March 1956):  16+.  Print.

Butler, Don Cuthbert.  Benedictine Monachism:  Studies in Benedictine Life and Rule.  London:  Longman, Green, 1919.

Butzback, Johannes; Burkhard Zink; and Robert Francis Seybolt.  The Autobiography of Johannes Butzbach:  a Wandering Scholar of the Fifteenth Century.  Ann Arbor, MI:  Edwards Brothers, 1980.  Print.

Bynum, Carolyn Walker.  Jesus as Mother:  Studies in the Spiritualityof the High Middle Ages.  Cambridge:  Speculum Historiale, 1961.  Print.

CRRS|Centre for Reformation and Renaissance Studies.   http://crrs.ca/. Internet.

Cabrol, Fernand.  Liturgical Prayer:  Its History and Spirit.  London:  Burns, Oats, and Washbourne, 1922.  Print.

Caldwell, Mark S.  “Ideological and Institutional Reflections of the Bnedictine Ideal in Sixteenth-Century Hutterites:  A Study in Ecclesiastical Ecology,”  Church History.   39.4 (Dec 1970):  571-572.  Print.

Cameron, Euan.  The European Reformation.  Oxford:  Clarendon Press, 1991.  Print.

Campbelll, Will D.  Cecilia’s Sin.  Macon, GA:  Mercer University Press, c1983.  Print.

Capito, Wolfgang.  The Correspondence of Wolfgang Capito.  Toronto:  Univer- sity of Toronto Press, 2009.  Print.

Carl Schurz Memorial Foundation and Oberlaender Trust.  German Art from the Fifteenth to the Twentieth Century:  An Exhibition of Paintings, Water Colors, and Drawings Held under the Auspices of the Oberlaender Trust.  Philadelphia:  Franklin Printing, 1936.  Print.

Carozza, Davy A. and H. James Shey.  Petrarch’s Secretum: With Introduction, Notes, and Critical Anthology.   NY:  Peter Lang, 1989.  Print.

Carruthers, M.  “The Book of Memory:  A Study of Memory in Medieval Culture,”  Cambridge Studies in Medieval Literature.  (2008): 70.  Print. 

Cass, Frank, et al. “The German Peasant War of 1525,”  The Journal of Peasant Studies.  Print.

Category:Das Ständebuch (1568) – Wikimedia Commons.  http://commons. wiki media.org/wiki/Category:Das_St%C3%A4ndebuch_%281568%29.  Internet.

Center for Reformation Research.  Early Sixteenth Century Roman Catholic Theologians and the German Reformation:    A  Finding List of CRR Holdings.  St. Louis, MO:  Center for Reformation Research, 1975.  Print.

Central Europe (including Germany), 1400–1600 A.D. | Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History.  The Metropolitan Museum of Art.   www.metmuseum.org/ toah/ht/?period=08®ion=euwc Internet.

Chadwick, Owen.  The Early Reformation on the Continent.  Oxford:  Oxford University Press, c2001.  Print.

Chambers, E. K.  The Oxford Book of Sixteenth Century Verse.  Oxford:  Clarendon Press,  1932.  Print.

Chastel, Andre.  The Age of Humanism: Europe, 1480-1530.  NY: McGraw-Hill, 1963.  Print.

Chaucer, Geoffrey.  The Complete Works of Geoffrey Chaucer.  F. N.  Robinson, ed.  Boston:  Houghton Mifflin, 1933.  Print.

Cheah, Fook Meng.  “A Review of Luther and Erasmus: Free Will & Salvation,”  Prostestant Reformed Theological Journal.  (November 1995).  Print.

Chrisman, Miriam Usher, “A Broadside,” Christian History Magazine.  4.1.  (1985):  29.  Print.

___.  Lay Culture, Learned Culture:  Books and Social Change in Strasbourg, 1480-1599.  New Haven:  Yale University Press, c1982.

Christaller, Walter and Carlisle W. Baskin.  Central Places in Southern Germany.  Englewood Cliffs:  Prentice-Hall, 1966.  Print.

Christensen, Carl C.  Princes and Propaganda: electoral Saxon art of the Reformation.  Kirksville, MO:  Sixteenth Century Journal Publishers, 1992.  Print.

Christian, John T.   A History of the Baptists, together with Some Account of their Principles and Practices. Vol. I. New Orleans:  Baptist Bible Institute. http://www.pbministries.org/History/John%20T.%20Christian/vol1/historyof the_baptist_vol1.htm.  Internet.

“A Christian History Timeline,”  Christian History Magazine  4.1  (1985):  20-21.  Print.

Christian History Timeline.  http://www.christianhistorytimeline.com/index. php.   Internet.

Clark, Elizabeth A., “Claims on the Bones of Saint Stephen:  the Partisans of Melania and Eudocia,”  Church History Magazine  51.2 (1982):  141-156.  Print.

Clark, James G., ed.  The Religious Orders in Pre-Reformtion England.  Rochester:  Boydell & Brewer, 2002.  Print.

Clark, Stuart.  Thinking with Demons:  The Idea of Witchcraft in Early Modern Europe.  Oxford:  Oxford University Press, 1999.  Print.

Clasen, Claus-Peter.  Anabaptism:  A Social History, 1525-1618:  Switzerland, Austria, Moravia, South and Central Germany.  Ithaca :  Cornell University Press, 1972.  Print.

___.  The Anabaptists in South and Central Germany, Switzerland, and Austria:  Their Names, Occupations, Places of Residence, and Dates of Conversion, 1525-1618.  Ann Arbor, MI: Unknown Publisher, 1978.  (Out of Print).  Print.

___.  “Medieval Heresies in the Reformtion,”  Church History.  (Dec 1963) 32.4.  392.  Print.

___.  “Nuernberg in the history of Anabaptism,” MQR.  39.  (Jan 1965):  25+. Print.

Coates, Alan.  English Medieval Books:  The Reading Abbey Collections from Foundation to Dispersal.  Oxford:  Clarendon Press, 1999.  Print.

Cohn, Henry J.  “Anticlericalism in the German Peasants’ War 1525,” Past and Presnt (May 1979)  83.  3+.  Print.

The Concise Oxford Companion to Classical Literature, edited by M.C. Howatson and Ian Chilvers. Oxford: Oxford University Press. http://www.answers.com/ library/Classical/Literature Companion#ixzz1O4FmQXBc.  Internet.

Conn, Marie A.  Noble Daughters:  Unheralded Women in Western Christianity, 13th to 18th Centuries.  Westport:  Greenwood Press, 2000.  Print.

Copleston, Frederick Charles.  A History of Philosophy,  Vol. III.  Late Medievl and Renaissance Philosoophy.  NY:  Image Books, 1963.  Print.

“Costumes in the Early German Renaissance 1470-1520.”  Myra’s Costume Pages.  http://myra.hem.nu/costume/costumeframset.htm Internet.

Coulton, G. G.  The Medieval Village.  Cambridge:  Cambridge University Press, 1925.  Print.

Coupe, W. A.  German Poliltical Satires from the Reformation to the Second World War, Part l.  Lyme, NH: Kraus International Publications, 1993.  Print.

Crossley, Robert N.  Luther and the Peasants’ War:  Luther’s Actions and Reactions.  NY:  Expedition Press, 1974.  Print.

Cunningham, Andrew and Ole Peter Grell.  The Four Horsemen of the Apocalypse: Religon, War, Famine, and Death in Reformation Europe.  Cambridge:  Cambridge University Press, 2000.  Print.

Cunningham, David S., Ralph Del Colle, and Lucas Lamadrid, eds.  Ecumenical Theology in Worship, Doctrine, and Life:  Essays Presented to Geoffrey Wainwright on His Sixtieth Birthday.  NY:  Oxford University Press, 1999.  Print.

Dannenfeld, Karl H.  The Church of the Renaissance and Reformation; Decline and Reform from 1300 to 1600.  Saint Louis:  Concordia Publishing House, 1970.  Print.

___.  “The Renaissance and the Knowledge of Arabic,”  Studies in the Renaisssance   2   (1955):  96-116.  Print.

Daniel-Rops, Henri.  The Church in the Dark Ages.  London:  J. M. Dent & Sons, 1959.  Print.

___.  The Church in the Seventh Century.  London:  J. M. Dent & Sons, 1963.  Print.

___.  The Church of Apostles and Martyrs.  Vol 1.  Garden City, NY:  Image Books, 1960.  Print.

 ___.  The Protestant Reformation.  NY:  Dutton, 1961.  Print.

Dashu, Max.  “Tregenda of the Old Goddess, Spirits, and Witches,” an excerpt from The Witches’ Goddesswww.suppressedhistories.net/secrethistory/ witchtregenda.html.  Internet.

Davis, Kenneth R.  “Erasmus as a Progenitor of Anabaptist Theology and Piety,”  MQR  47  (July 1973):  163-178.   Print.

Davis, Kenneth Ronald.  Anabaptism and Asceticism: a study in intellectual origins.  Scottdale, PA:  Herald Press, 1974.  Print.

Dawson, Stephen., ed. 20th WCP: Medieval Philosophyhttp://www.bu.edu/ wcp/MainMedi.htm.   Internet.

Delbruck, Hans.  History of the art of war within the framework of political history.  Walter J. Renfroe, Tr.  Vol 4.  Westport: Greenwood Press, 1985.  Print.

Defoe, Daniel.  A Journal of the Plague Year.  NY:  Dutton, 1966.  Print.

Denck, Hans and Clarence Bauman.  The Spiritual Legacy of Hans Denck.  NY:  E. J. Brill, 1991.  Print.

Denck, Hans and Edward J. Furcha.  Selected Writings of Hanck, 1500-1527.  Lewiston, NY:  E. Mellen Press, c1989.

Denneth, Ashleigh V.  The Monk.  VHS Video.  Wynnewood, PA:  Schlessinger Media, c2002.  Audio-Visual.

“Desiderius Erasmus,” New Advent Catholic Encyclopedia.  Denver, CO: K. Knight, 1997.  eBook.

Desiree’s Sewing Blog.  Wulstlwaube.   http://research.fibergeek.com/2010/ 03/18/wulsthaube/.  Internet.

Deutsches Historisches Museum Berlin.  http://www.dhm.de/html.  Internet.

Dickens, A. G.  The Age of Humanism and Reformation:  Europe in the Fourteenth, Fifteenth, and Sixteenth Centuries.  Englewood Cliffs, NJ:  Prentice-Hall, 1972.  Print.

Dictionary of Shakespeare, with Quotes and Insults.  http://stephenesher man. com/bard/ws_ word.html.  Internet.

Diefendorf, Barbara B., Carla Alison Hesse, and Natalie Zemon Davis.  Culture and Identity in Early Modern Europe (1500-1800):  Essays in honor of Natalie Zemon Davis.  Ann Arbor:  University of Michigan Press, c1993.  Print.

Dipple, Geoffrey.  Antifraternalism and Anticlericalism in the German Reformation:  Johann Eberlin von Gunzburg and the Campaign against the Friars.  Brookfrield, VT:  Ashgate Publishing Company, c1996.  Print.

Dixon, C.Scott.  The German Reformation:  The Essential Readings.  Malden, MA:  Blackwell Publishers, 1999.  Print.

Donaldson, Sue and Will Kymlicka, “The Topograpy of Saints,” Queen’s Quarterly.  (Winter 2002):  561+.  Print.

DuBruck, Edelgard E. and Barbara I. Gusick, eds.  Death and Dying in the Middle Ages.   NY:  Peter Lang, 1999.  Print.

Duffy, Eamon.  The Stripping of the Altars:  Traditional Religion in England, c1400-c1580.  New Haven, CT:  Yale University Press, c1992.  Print.

Duggan, Lawrence Gerald.  The Parliamentary Activity of the Cathedral Chapter in the Ecclesiastical Principality of Speyer to 1552.  Dissertation (Ph.D.):  Harvard University, 1971.  Print.

Dunstan, J. Leslie.  Protestantism.  New York: G. Braziller, 1961.  Print.

Durant, Will.  The Age of Faith: a History of Medieval Civilization–Christian, Islamic, and Judaic–from Constantine to Dante, A.D. 325-1300.  New York: MJF Books, 1992.  Print.

___.  The Reformation, a History of European Civilization from Wyclif to Calvin:  1300-1564.  NY:  MJF Books, 1985.  Print.

___.  The Renaissance: a History of Civilization from Wyclif to Calvin: 1300-1564.  NY:  MJF Books, 1985.  Print.

Durant, Will and Ariel Durant.  The Lessons of History.  New York: Simon and Schuster, 1968.  Print

Durrell, Martin.  Using German Synonyms. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2000.   Print.

Durrenmatt, Friedrich. The Anabaptists.  Berkeley.  1982.  (Note:  a fiction, possibly a play written by the author).  Print.

Dyck, Cornelius. “The Life of the Spirit in Anabaptism,” MQR. 47. (Oct 1973): 309+. Print.

Eckhart, Bernstein.  Group Identity Formation in the German Renaissance Humanists: The Function of Latin. http://www.phil-hum-ren.unimuen-chen.de/GermLat/Acta/Bernstein.htm Internet.

Eckhart, Meister.  Meister Eckhart, the Essential Sermons, Commentaries, Treatises, and Defense.  NY:  Paulist Press, 1981.  Print.

Edwards, Mark U.  Luther and the False Brethren.  Stanford: Stanford University Press, 1975.  Print.

___.  Printing, Propaganda, and Martin Luther.  Berkley and Los Angeles:  University of California Press, c1994.  Print.

Elder, E. Rozanne.  From Cloister to Classroom:  Monastic and Scholastic Approaches to Truth.  Kalamazoo, MI:  Cistercian Publications, 1986.  Print.

Elton, G. R.  Reformation Europe, 1517-1559.  Cleveland:  Meridian Books, 1964.  Print.

Engels, Frederich.  The Peasant War in Germany.  NY:  International Publishers, 1926.  Print.

Engels, Friedrich and Leonard Krieger.  The German Revolutions:  The Peasant War in Germany and Germany:  Revoluton and Counter-revolution.  Chicago:  University of Chicago Press, 1967.  Print.

Englander, David, et al.  Culture and Belief in Europe 1450-1600: an Anthology of Sources.  Cambridge, MA:  B. Blackwell in association with the Open University, 1990.  Print.

Erasmus, Desiderius.  A Book called in Latin:  Enchiridion Militis Christiani, and in English:  The manual of the Christian Knight. London:  Methuen Database:  Aister, 1905.  Print.

___.  Collected Works of Erasmus. Vol. 23-29.  Literary and educational writings, notes, and indices edited by A. H. T. Levi.  Toronto: University of Toronto Press, c1986.  Print.

___.  Erasmus in Praise of Folly.  London:  Reeves & Turner, 1876.  Print.

Erasmus, Desiderius and Erika Rummel.  The Erasmus Reader.  Toronto:  University of Toronto Press, 1990.  Print.

Erasmus, Desiderius; Paul Pascal; and J. Kelley Sowards.  The Julius Exclusus.  Bloomington:  Indiana University Press, 1968.  Print.

Erasmus, Desiderius; Thomas Paynell; and William James Hirten.  NY:  Scholars’ Facsimiles and Reprints, c1946.  Print.

Erasmus, Desiderius and Erika Rummel.  The Erasmus Reader.  Toronto:  University of Toronto Press, 1990.  Print.

Estep, William R.  The Anabaptist Story: an Introduction to Sixteenth Century Anabaptism.  3rd. ed.  Grand Rapids, MI:  Eerdmans Publishing Company, 1996.  Print.

Evans, R. J. W.  The Making of the Habsburg Monarchy, 1550-1700:  An Interpretation.  Oxford:  Clarendon Press, 1979.  Print.

Farmer, Craig S.  The Gospel of John in the Sixteenth Century:  The Johannine Exegesis of  Wolfgang Musculus.  NY:  Oxford US, 1997.  Print.

Fasslr, Margot E. “The Office of the Cantor in Early Western Monastic Rules and Customaries:  A Preliminary Investigation,”   Early Music History.  (1985)  5.  29+.  Print.

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